Explore Career Options
Finding the right career requires a large time commitment. The key is to start early in your graduate career and employ multiple techniques and strategies. The more dedicated and diversified your job search is - and the more cleverly you apply the fundamentals of a job search, namely, self-assessment and investigation techniques - the more likely you are to find the true breadth of career options available and the right opportunities.
Below are valuable resources related to self-understanding, investigation of career possibilities, and best practices when conducting a search:
Who am I? What do I like? What are my interests? What kind of skills do I have? What is my work style?
Whether considering the true breadth of your career options or rethinking your career trajectory, it is important to engage in self-assessment and conduct career research, before beginning any job search. Take some time to reflect on and answer the questions above, and consider taking an assessment offered through the Career Center. Doing this will help you discover careers that suite your skills, interests, and values and make for a more effective, efficient and enjoyable job search.
Questioning Career Transition Group (QCTG) for PhDs
Register for this professional and career development group for PhDs. Watch for email announcements about upcoming offerings.
Online Articles and Resources
Should You Finish? Megan Pincus Kajitani
Everyone Needs a Plan B Alexandra M. Lord
Taking Stock of Yourself Margaret Newhouse
What is a PhD Really Worth? Peter Fiske, PhD (naturejobs, 2011.)
Answering the Question "Who Am I?" Kathie Sindt
Self-Assessment Exercises: A GRE for Your Ego and Superego Peter Fiske, PhD
AAAS & Science Careers
What options do I have? What jobs fit my skills? What careers and industries use them? Who do I know in these careers?
What can I do with an advanced degree in my field? Explore common industries, jobs, and dedicated support resources by academic discipline.
A searchable database of over 1700 scholarly and professional associations, which often provide comprehensive career information by academic discipline and profession, courtesy The University of Waterloo.
This resource developed by the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor provides detailed trends and industry information including training and education needed, earnings, job prospects, and working conditions.
Research salary ranges for someone with your education, skills and abilities by discipline, industry and/or geographic location.
Thinking about next steps in your career? Interested in exploring non-academic career options?
Making connections and building relationships is widely known to be the most effective way to answer your career questions, hone your search, and land that interview and job offer.
An informational interview is a discussion you set up and conduct with an individual in a job or profession of interest, enabling you to gain a better understanding of a particular field, job or employer. This first-hand information allows you to then hone your approach, credentials, and interview prep accordingly to help you stand out from the competition. These valuable insiders can expedite your application, introduce you to others in a company or field, and share additional job opportunities.
A leading source of news, information, and jobs in academia
Publisher of the journal Science and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) come together to provide the leading outlet for career information, news, resources and commentary--especially for advanced-degree students.
Career Services Center
Put Your [PhD] to Work, Peter Fiske, PhD
- Networking: Building Relationships
- Career Basics: Advice & Resources
- The Informed Job Search
- "So What Are You Going to Do with That?" Finding Careers Outside Academia, Susan Basalla and Maggie Debelius
- Put Your Science to Work, Peter Fiske, PhD
- A PhD is Not Enough! A Guide to Survival in Science, Peter J. Feibelman
- What Color Is Your Parachute? A Practical Manual for Job-hunters and Career-Changers, Richard Nelson
- The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for a Lifetime of Satisfaction and Success, Nicholas Lore
- The Academic Job Search Handbook, Julie Miller Vick and Jennifer S. Furlong
- The Professor Is In: The Essential Guide to Turning Your Ph.D. into a Job, Karen Kelsky